/ Explanations and comments on the Balance Sheet
/ 4. Adoption of new or revised standards and interpretations
Adoption of new or revised standards and interpretations
A number of new Standards, amendments to Standards and Interpretations are not yet effective as at 31 December 2012, and have not been applied in preparing these consolidated financial statements. Of these pronouncements, potentially the following will have an impact on the Group’s operations. The Group plans to adopt these pronouncements when they become effective.
IAS 19 (2011) Employee Benefits. The amended standard will introduce a number of significant changes to IAS 19. First, the corridor method is removed and, therefore, all changes in the present value of the defined benefit obligation and in the fair value of plan assets will be recognised immediately as they occur. Secondly, the amendment will eliminate the current ability for entities to recognise all changes in the defined benefit obligation and in plan assets in profit or loss. Thirdly, the expected return on plan assets recognised in profit or loss will be calculated based on the rate used to discount the defined benefit obligation. The amended standard shall be applied for annual periods beginning on or after 1 January 2013 and early adoption is permitted. The amendment generally applies retrospectively. The Group has not yet analysed the likely impact of the new Standard on its financial position or performance.
IAS 28 (2011) Investments in Associates and Joint Ventures combines the requirements in IAS 28 (2008) and IAS 31 that were carried forward but not incorporated into IFRS 11 and IFRS 12. The amended standard will become effective for annual periods beginning of or after 1 January 2013 with retrospective application required. Early adoption of IAS 28 (2011) is permitted provided the entity also early-adopts IFRS 10, IFRS 11, IFRS 12 and IAS 27 (2011). The Group has not yet analysed the likely impact of the new Standard on its financial position or performance.
Amendments to IFRS (IFRS) 7 Financial Instruments: Disclosures — Offsetting Financial Assets and Financial Liabilities includes new disclosure requirements for financial assets and liabilities offset in the statement of financial position or are the subject of the General Agreement on offsetting or similar agreements. The amendments shall be applied retrospectively for annual periods beginning on or after January 1, 2013 or later. The Group has not yet determined the potential impact of these amendments on its consolidated financial statements.
IFRS 9 Financial Instruments will be effective for annual periods beginning on or after 1 January 2015. The new standard is to be issued in phases and is intended ultimately to replace International Financial Reporting Standard IAS 39 Financial Instruments: Recognition and Measurement. The first phase of IFRS 9 was issued in November 2009 and relates to the classification and measurement of financial assets. The second phase regarding classification and measurement of financial liabilities was published in October 2010. The remaining parts of the standard are expected to be issued during 2013. The Group recognises that the new standard introduces many changes to the accounting for financial instruments and is likely to have a significant impact on Group’s consolidated financial statements. The impact of these changes will be analysed during the course of the project as further phases of the standard are issued. The Group does not intend to adopt this standard early. This standard has not yet been adopted on the territory of the Russian Federation.
IFRS 10 Consolidated Financial Statements will be effective for annual periods beginning on or after 1 January 2013. The new standard supersedes IAS 27 Consolidated and Separate Financial Statements and SIC-12 Consolidation — Special Purpose Entities. IFRS 10 introduces a single control model which includes entities that are currently within the scope of SIC-12 Consolidation — Special Purpose Entities. Under the new three-step control model, an investor controls an investee when it is exposed, or has rights, to variable returns from its involvement with that investee, has the ability to affect those returns through its power over that investee and there is a link between power and returns. Consolidation procedures are carried forward from IAS 27 (2008). When the adoption of IFRS 10 does not result a change in the previous consolidation or non-consolidation of an investee, no adjustments to accounting are required on initial application. When the adoption results a change in the consolidation or non-consolidation of an investee, the new standard may be adopted with either full retrospective application from date that control was obtained or lost or, if not practicable, with limited retrospective application from the beginning of the earliest period for which the application is practicable, which may be the current period. Early adoption of IFRS 10 is permitted provided an entity also early-adopts IFRS 11, IFRS 12, IAS 27 (2011) and IAS 28 (2011). The Group has not yet analysed the likely impact of the new Standard on its financial position or performance.
IFRS 12 Disclosure of Interests in Other Entities will be effective for annual periods beginning on or after 1 January 2013. The new standard contains disclosure requirements for entities that have interests in subsidiaries, joint arrangements, associates and unconsolidated structured entities. Interests are widely defined as contractual and non-contractual involvement that exposes an entity to variability of returns from the performance of the other entity. The expanded and new disclosure requirements aim to provide information to enable the users to evaluate the nature of risks associated with an entity’s interests in other entities and the effects of those interests on the entity’s financial position, financial performance and cash flows. Entities may early present some of the IFRS 12 disclosures early without a need to early-adopt the other new and amended standards. However, if IFRS 12 is early-adopted in full, then IFRS 10, IFRS 11, IAS 27 (2011) and IAS 28 (2011) must also be early-adopted. The new Standard is not expected to have a significant effect on the consolidated financial statements of the Group.
IFRS 13 Fair Value Measurement will be effective for annual periods beginning on or after 1 January 2013. The new standard replaces the fair value measurement guidance contained in individual IFRSs with a single source of fair value measurement guidance. It provides a revised definition of fair value, establishes a framework for measuring fair value and sets out disclosure requirements for fair value measurements. IFRS 13 does not introduce new requirements to measure assets or liabilities at fair value, nor does it eliminate the practicability exceptions to fair value measurement that currently exist in certain standards. The standard is applied prospectively with early adoption permitted. Comparative disclosure information is not required for periods before the date of initial application. The Group has not yet analysed the likely impact of the new Standard on its financial position or performance.
Amendment to IAS 1: Presentation of Items of Other Comprehensive Income. The amendment requires that an entity present separately items of other comprehensive income that may be reclassified to profit or loss in the future from those that will never be reclassified to profit or loss. Additionally, the amendment changes the title of the statement of comprehensive income to statement of profit or loss and other comprehensive income. However, the use of other titles is permitted. The amendment shall be applied retrospectively from 1 July 2012 and early adoption is permitted. The Group has not yet analysed the likely impact of the new Standard on its financial position or performance.
Amendments to IFRS (IAS) 32 Financial Instruments: Presentation — Offsetting Financial Assets and Financial Liabilities establish that the company currently has a legally enforceable right of offset, if this right does not depend on future events and is valid in the ordinary course of business as well as in the event of default, insolvency or bankruptcy of the company and all of its counterparties. The amendments shall be applied retrospectively for annual periods beginning on or after January 1, 2014 or later. The Group has not yet determined the potential impact of these amendments on its consolidated financial statements..
Various adjustments published within annual Project Improvements to IFRSs have been dealt with on a standard-by-standard basis. All amendments, which result in accounting changes for presentation, recognition or measurement purposes, will come into effect for annual periods beginning after 1 January 2013. The Group has not yet analysed the likely impact of the improvements on its financial position or performance.